AOP and AOC, a guarantee of expertise and quality
The Appellation d’Origine Protégée (PDO in English) designates a product in which all stages of production are carried out according to recognised expertise in the same geographical area, which gives its characteristics to the product. PDO is a European label that protects the name of the product throughout the European Union.
Appellation d’Origine Contrôlée (AOP) (PDO in English) designates products that meet the AOP criteria and protects the name in France. It is a sub-section of PDO, now a European label. It can also relate to products not covered by European regulations (such as forest products for example).
It is the notion of terroir that is behind the idea of Appellations d’Origine.